Welcome to Biology!

Check the date below to view the class work or homework for each day.
I will do my best to keep this page updated daily.

Class Work Tuesday March 19, 2019
Identify the inheritance pattern, locus and alleles for several human traits (eye color, hair curl, blood type)
1. Give the definition and an example from the text book of incomplete dominance, multiple alleles, codominance, polygenic traits
2. Page 274 Give four reasons why Drosophila are ideal organisms for genetic research.
3. Under the Fruit Fly data that we collected (in class on March 6) for Cross A and Cross B, draw the Punnett Squares that explain why we observed the results we did for the Cross A F1 offspring and the Cross A F2 offspring. Also draw the two Punnett squares for Cross B F1 and Cross B F2 offspring.

Class Work Friday March 15, 2019
Surface Area: Volume Examples & winner
Describe the inheritance pattern and symptoms
  associated with Huntington’s disease
Empathize with a family that expresses /Huntington’s disease
Play outside! Enjoy the nice weather. Sleep in on Monday.

Class Work Wednesday March 13, 2019

Describe why are cells are so small
Compare the speed of nutrient movement into different sized cells
Calculate a 'cells' surface area to volume ratio
Design and test your own efficient cell
Read Ch 10-1 p241-243 Cell Growth, answer Section Assessment questions 1-5 on p243

  1. Give two reasons why cells divide.
  2. How is a cell’s DNA like the books in a library?
  3. What is the solution to the problems caused by cell growth?
  4. As a cell increases in size, which increases more rapidly, its surface are or its volume?
  5. Calculate the surface area, volume, and ratio of surface area to volume of an imaginary cubic cell with a length of 4cm.
  6. Do an internet search to answer one of the 5 questions below

Examples of Surface Area / Volume Ratios in Living Things
1. Where do tapeworms live?
  Looking at the tapeworm’s structure, how do you think a tapeworm gets its food?

2. How do the snowshoe hair and jackrabbit differ? Why?

3. What could explain why Asian and African elephants have such different sized ears?

4. Why are the leaves of succulent and tropical plants so different?

5. Why does the small intestine have, folds, villi, and microvilli?

Class Work Tuesday March 12, 2019
Tay Sachs conclusion
Describe the purpose and process of the cell cycle
predict the daughter cells from the parent cell
Use Ch 10-2 to add labels and descriptions to complete the one page drawing used in class (A Cell's Life Cycle).

Class Work Monday March 11, 2019
Empathize with a family that has been impacted by an inherited condition
Draw a pedigree that shows the genotypes and phenotypes of the family members.
Predict genotypes of family members using Punnett   Squares
Use Ch 14-1 pages 345-346 to answer handout questions 1-16

Class Work Friday March 8, 2019
Select the best science class to take next year
Describe the inheritance pattern for chin shape
Empathize with a family that has been impacted by Tay   Sachs
Use Ch 14-1 pages 342-343 to try and draw yourself in a family pedigree that is three generations long (can be real/pretend)

Class Work Wednesday March 6, 2019
Collect data on genetic variations in a model organism to predict patterns of inheritance, Discuss your science course selection for next year
Correct your Genetic Engineering Quiz
Describe the inheritance pattern for chin shape
Read Ch 11-2 Probability and Punnett Squares, Answer handout Q 1-12

Class Work Tuesday March 5, 2019
Label and identify flower parts. Compare self and cross pollination.
Identify the information present in a karyotype
Describe your chin shape using the terms dominant, recessive, allele, locus,
Ch 11-1 p265-266 Segregation and F1
1. What are each of the abbreviations P, F1 and F2 used for?
2. Mendel allowed the F1 plants to self-pollinate. 
Using Figure 11-4, describe the plants in the P generation, the F1 generation, and the F2 generation.
3. Why were the above results surprising to Mendel? What explains this result?
4. In a diploid organism, each cell has __ copies (or alleles) of each gene.  What happens to these alleles during gamete formation?

Class Work Monday March 4, 2019
Traits I Inherited
Read Ch 11-1 page 263-265 The Work of Gregor Mendel Answer Q 1-12
Read Ch 14-1 p341-342 Human Chromosomes. Answer questions 13-20

Class Work Friday March 1, 2019
Five examples of genetic engineering
Genetic Engineering Quiz
Number of possible recombinant plasmids made when restriction enzyme A
is added to a plasmid and restriction enzymes
B  and C cut out the human gene.

Class Work Wednesday February 27, 2019
Review operons and why an operon was used in our lab work
Describe why researchers find fluorescent proteins   useful
Correct your Protein Synthesis Quiz
Describe different types of point mutations and their consequences
To review for the Genetic Engineering Quiz please complete objectives part III:

  1. Why do bacteria sometimes grow as lawns and sometimes as colonies?
  2. Once the bacterial cell has the plasmid, what must go on in the bacterial cell in order for it to produce green fluorescent protein? (What enzymes, organelles and building blocks are needed?)
  3. Why do we have antibiotic resistance on our pGLO plasmid?
  4. Which will be green: the GFP protein or the GFP gene?
  5. Why didn’t we expect to see fluorescent green colonies on the LB/amp +pGLO plate?
  6. Describe the arabinose operon. What did it originally do? How has it been changed on our pGLO plasmid and why?
  7. What is needed in order for a bacteria cell to produce green fluorescent protein?
  8. Read your notebook from Madam I’m Adam forward

Class Work Tuesday February 26, 2019
Complete movie questions that were explained yesterday in part I, watch Part 2: Biologially Related movie
Read Ch 12-4 Mutations p307-308       
  *not directly answered in the book

  1. What is a mutation?
  2. What is a gene mutation? What is a chromosomal mutation?
  3. What is a point mutation?
  4. * Use the amino acid chart (p303) to give an example of how substitution mutations don’t always change one amino acids into another.
  5. What are two kinds of frameshift mutations?
  6. Why are they called frameshift mutations?
  7. *Point mutations that are substitutions have a very different effect on the final amino acid chain when contrasted to point mutations that are insertions/deletions. What is the difference?
  8. Draw the four types of chromosomal mutations.
  9. *What have you heard can cause mutations?

Class Work Monday February 25, 2019
Part I Biologially realted movie
Genetic Engineering Objectives Part II

  1. What is the purpose of the lac operon?
  2. Describe how the lac operon works.
  3. Describe how the arabionose operon (with GFP inserted) that is on our plasmid works.
  4. Draw (using steps) how a recombinant plasmid is made. Start with a plasmid and a human gene, show restriction sites (use GAATTC) on each, include how the sticky ends of the plasmid and human DNA match up. End with a recombinant plasmid
  5. Read p 330 Issues in Biology. What does GM stand for? In your own words describe the major issue about GM foods.
  6. What are the risks and benefits of GM plants?
  7. What is your opinion of GM foods?

Class Work Friday February 15, 2019
Predict and observe your   lab results
Describe how cells are similar and   different from each other
Explain why arabinose was used in our lab work
Finish pGLO Transformation Lab Follow   Up 1-4
Genetic Engineering quiz block day

Class Work Wednesday February 13, 2019
Transformation Lab
Biotechnology Objectives 1-9 and Lab Prediction Table

Class Work Tuesday February 12, 2019
Practice for the Transformation Lab
Re-read the pGLO lab procedure and background to prepare for a small lab quiz block day

Class Work Monday February 11, 2019
Explain The function of the different components of the pGLO plasmid
Read the Transformation Lab background paper and lab procedure to help you answer PreLab questions 1-10

Class Work Friday February 8, 2019
Protein Synthesis Quiz
Evaluate and complete your recombinant plasmid
Organize your Biology notebook

Class Work Block Day February 6, 2019
Introduction to Genetic Engineering -Madam I'm Adam
Identify restriction sites on human DNA and a bacterial plasmid to then construct a paper plasmid
Spend 30 minutes trying to finish class work half-sheet 1-8: Paper Plasmid Activity
Review and Rest for the Protein Synthesis Quiz Friday

Class Work Tuesday February 5, 2019
Lab Preparation
Use Ch 13-2 and 13-3 to answer handout Q 1-8
Protein Synthesis Quiz Friday

Class Work Monday February 4, 2019
Test your knowledge of protein synthesis
Identify the components of protein synthesis   found in the Protein Synthesis kit
Demonstrate protein synthesis using the   manipulatives
To prepare for a Protein Synthesis   Quiz Tuesday, answer objectives 1-8
Finish Protein Synthesis Practice half sheet
Read your Biology notebook to review Protein Synthesis

Class Work Friday February 1, 2019
Correct your DNA Structure and Micropipette/Metric Quiz
Find the start of double stranded DNA to Practice transcribing and translating DNA code
Protein Synthesis Practice –half sheet
Protein Synthesis Objectives 1-9 due Tuesday
Protein Synthesis Quiz Tuesday

Class Work Wednesday January 30, 2019
Put together a model of DNA that codes for all of your proteins
Read Ch 38 p 973 Proteins

  1. Proteins have a wide variety of roles. List 6:
  2. Why are eight of the amino acids described as essential? Highlight/Underline/ Circle the essential amino acids on your square amino acid chart.
  3. The other 12 amino acids are non-essential amino acids. How would you describe (define) what a non-essential amino acid is?  
  4. Why is it important to eat protein?
  5. Animal products are considered to be ‘complete proteins’ what do you think this means?
  6. What do you think an incomplete protein is?
  7. Give two examples of plant foods that can be combined to create a complete protein.
  8. Who should know this information?

Class Work Tuesday January 29, 2019
Illustrate how DNA codes for building your proteins
If you have a STAPLER that you use at home, Please BRING it to use in class on block day
Read Ch 12-3, p302-306, Protein Synthesis   Part II. Answer handout Q1-15.

Class Work Monday January 28, 2019
Protein Review –Functions and Types
Describe how DNA codes for building you
If you have a STAPLER that you use at home, Please
  BRING it to use in class on block day
Read Ch 12-3, p300-302, Protein Synthesis   Part I. Answer handout Q1-10.

Class Work Friday January 25, 2019
DNA, Metric, Micropipette Quiz
Rest! Nice Job at the Rally!

Class Work Wednesday January 23, 2019
Describe and demonstrate how to properly use the micropipette
DNA vocabulary matching: The Structure of the Genome
Write 10 DNA, Metric, Micropipette quiz questions and answers
DNA and Metric/Micropipette Quiz Friday 

Class Work Tuesday January 22, 2019
Metric review.
Describe and demonstrate how to properly use the micropipette
Micropipetting Q 1-3 and Metric Practice Q 1-3
DNA and Metric/Micropipette Quiz Friday

Class Work Friday January 18, 2019
Question Set
Review DNA objectives
DNA Structure and History Quiz -Read your notebook!

Class Work Wednesday January 16, 2019
Identify the patterns found in the DNA molecule
Illustrate the variation and redundancy found in the DNA   monomers
Describe and demonstrate how DNA packs into   chromosomes
Build a bacteria cell that is magnified by 10,000x
To prepare for a quiz, answer the DNA Structure and History Quiz Objectives

Class Work Tuesday January 15, 2019
Identify important components of your DNA model
Meet the scientists involved in the discovery of the DNA double helix. Describe the contributions of each.
Section 12-2 Chromosomes  Read p. 295-297; Answer the following questions.

  1. Describe the location of DNA in prokaryotes. How many chromosomes do prokaryotes have? What is the shape of prokaryote chromosomes?
  2. Describe the location, amount, and structure of DNA in eukaryotes.
  3. What is amazing about the amount and size of DNA in a bacterium?
  4. What is a DNA base pair? Figure 12-8 may help you answer this question.
  5. How does the amount of DNA in a human cell compare to the amount of DNA in bacteria?
  6. Compare and contrast the terms chromatin and chromosome. How are they similar, how are they different?
  7. How are DNA and histones related to nucelosomes? 
  8. Referring to figure 12-10, which part of the drawing would you label chromatin?
  9. How do nucleosomes control which genes (sets of instructions in DNA) are read?

Class Work Monday January 14, 2019
Identify the variation and redundancy found in the   DNA monomers
Use your knowledge of the patterns found in DNA to cut and paste together your own model of DNA
Ch 12-1 p.292-294 What did Chargaff,   Franklin, Watson and Crick do/discover to help determine the final structure of DNA? Which of   these scientists do you think made the greatest contribution toward this goal? Why

Class Work Friday Januaray 11, 2019
Describe Hershey & Chase’s Experiment and Conclusions
DNA extraction post lab questions
Tonight is LHS movie night in the GYM 7:15-10pm

Class Work Block Day January 10, 2019
Describe Avery’s experiment and conclusion
Lab Investigation
Read Ch 12-1 p289-290, Describe   Hershey and Chase’s experiment and   conclusion(s).

Class Work Tuesday January 8, 2019
Describe the experiment(s) and conclusion(s) reached by Griffith
Due Wednesday
Read Ch 12-1 p289 Describe Avery’s Experiment and conclusion
Due Friday: Read Ch 12-1 p289-290 Describe Hershey and Chase’s Experiment and conclusion

Class Work Monday January 7, 2019
Welcome Back! Happy New Year! Fresh start! Find your new seat, winter break mingle –write on your own paper
Introduction to our next unit of study
Read Ch 12-1 p287-289, Describe   Griffith’s experiments with mice and his   conclusion(s).
Write a second semester GOAL for Biology

Biology Students 2018-2019

Daily Supplies: You will be keeping all of your Biology assignments in a 8.5” X 11” notebook (not 8 ½ x 10) 100 + pages of lined paper. (This notebook will be used for Biology only and kept for the entire school year.) You are welcome to get your notebook before school starts!

Interesting sites to explore this summer

Biology Assignments